Did you know according to the National Safety Council, strains and sprains are among the nation’s leading causes of worker’s compensation claims?
Strains and sprains can occur anywhere, any time:
- On the job
- In your home
- During sports activities
- Other recreational activities
What is a strain?
Strains are stretched ligaments and tendons. A strain usually occurs whenever a muscle is stretched beyond its limit.
What is a sprain?
Sprains occur when a muscle is stretched too much, and ligaments pull, sometimes tear.
Causes of strain and sprain:
- Awkward postures
- Excessive force
- Static posture
- Poorly designed tools
- Extreme temperature
- Poor work organization
- Factors that contribute to strains and sprains:
- Lifting objects that are too heavy
- Not lifting correctly or safely
- Overreaching or overextending a part of the body when picking up objects
- Not using a proper stool or ladder when lifting from above
- Slipping on wet floors, overextending muscles attempting to avoid falling
Prevention for strains and sprains:
- Fit the job to the worker, not the worker to the job
- Have a firm grip
- Have a proper footing
- Work close to your body
- Keep a straight back
- Lift with the legs
- Pivot, don’t twist
- Don’t overreach
- When lifting, ensure you are squared up to the load so when you lift there will be no twisting or turning of the body.
- When lifting from ground level, bend the knees, keeping the back straight, use your legs to lift, and keep the load close to your body.
- When lifting from waist level, keep your back straight, use your torso and arm muscles to lift, keeping the load close to your body.
- Never attempt to lift from your shoulder level or above.
- Avoid lifting anything that is too heavy for one person to lift alone. Utilize mechanical equipment such as a fork lift, overhead hoist/crane, pallet jack or the like.